Varanasi And Sarnath:
Varanasi is one of the oldest living cities of the world,
which is located on the west bank of the River Ganga. After attaining Nirvana,
Buddha came to Varanasi in search of his five disciples.
Sarnath is 10 km away
from Varanasi, where the Buddha preached his first sermon.
Chaukhandi and Dharnek stupas are outstanding.
Bodh Gaya is the place where
Gautama Buddha attained supreme Enlightenment. Pearls
of Bodhgaya include the historic Bodhi Tree, under which
Buddha, then known as Gautama, attained enlightenment.
Ratnagar, the place where enlightened Buddha spent one
week and where it is believed that five colors emitted
from his body.
Gautama Buddha frequently
visited Nalada in the 6th century BC. It is said that
the Lord Buddha found this place prosperous and developing.
The tourists get a sense of that period by visiting
the Nalanda University Archaeological Complex and Nava
Nalanda Mahavihara Institute. Other places of interest
are the Swarna Gufa, Griddhakuta Parvat, and Vishwa
Ajanta and Ellora:
Ajanta and Ellora are on World Heritage
List. Ajanta was once the retreat of Buddhists. The thirty
caves of Ajanta were carved out of rock. Inside are the caves
showing the life of Buddha and magnificent frescos and sculptures.
Ellora Caves have impressive 34 Hindu, Buddhist and Jain Temples
out of which 12 are Mahayana Buddhist caves (550-750 AD).
The history of Buddhism originated
long time back in this land of spirituality. Other important
Buddhist sites in India are Amravati, Kapilavastu, Kosambi,
Lauriya Nandangarh and Sanchi Stupa.